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Tuesday, May 19, 2020 | History

3 edition of Bunt or the stinking smut of wheat found in the catalog.

Bunt or the stinking smut of wheat

Bunt or the stinking smut of wheat

part I : life history and methods of treatment : part II : a summary of investigations

  • 147 Want to read
  • 30 Currently reading

Published by Dept. of Agriculture in Ottawa .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Smut diseases.,
  • Wheat -- Diseases and pests.,
  • Bunt (Disease of wheat)

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby J. Horace Faull.
    SeriesCIHM/ICMH Microfiche series = CIHM/ICMH collection de microfiches -- no. 85542, Bulletin / Canada. Dept. of Agriculture. Seed Branch -- no. S-3.
    ContributionsCanada. Dept. of Agriculture. Seed Branch.
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Pagination1 microfiche (12 fr.)
    Number of Pages12
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18786798M
    ISBN 100665855427

    Symptoms of common bunt (stinking smut) in wheat grain (right), compared to healthy wheat kernels (left), Photo by Erick DeWolf, K-State Research and Extension. Common bunt is a seed-borne disease. The disease persists between seasons on seed that was contaminated with the fungus during harvest or subsequent grain handling. The spores will surviveFile Size: KB.   Bunt or stinking smut of wheat caused by TiIIetia caries also caused significant losses of wheat until certain chemicals were used to treat the seeds, controlling the disease cheaply and effectively. In the same period there were numerous reports of ‘bunt explosions’ in the United States resulting from ignition of the bunt spores that had.

    Wheat (Triticum aestivum)-Common Bunt (Stinking Smut) Disease requires cool, moist soil conditions at planting. Infection is either from smut spores on seed (seedborne) or from spores in soil close to the seed (soilborne). Soilborne spores last decades in soil. The disease is a problem in all wheat-producing areas east of the Cascade Range. Bunt or stinking smut disease of wheat is widely distributed in all the wheat growing areas of the world. In India, the disease is confined to cooler regions such as Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, parts of Punjab, and western U.P. It is either rare or completely lacking in other regions.

    Define stinking smut. stinking smut synonyms, stinking smut pronunciation, stinking smut translation, English dictionary definition of stinking smut. n. See bunt3. n a smut that affects wheat and is caused by the fungus Tilletia caries. Stinking smut definition: a smut that affects wheat and is caused by the fungus Tilletia caries | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples.


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Bunt or the stinking smut of wheat Download PDF EPUB FB2

Book: Bunt or stinking smut of Wheat (a world problem). + pp. Abstract: The writers' object in the compilation of this treatise was to present in a single publication the principal available information on various aspects of the wheat wheat Subject Category: Commodities and ProductsCited by: 8.

Buy Memoir on the Immediate Cause of Bunt or Smut of Wheat, and of Several Other Diseases of Plants, and on the Preventatives of Bunt, on FREE SHIPPING on qualified ordersCited by: 7.

Memoir On The Immediate Cause Of Bunt Or Smut Of Wheat: And Of Several Other Diseases Of Plants () [Benedict Prevost, George Wannamaker Keitt] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks. STINKING SMUT OR COMMON BUNT OF WHEAT Stinking smut or bunt is caused by three closely related species of fungi, Tilletia foetida, T.

caries and T. contraversa. Only Tilletia foetida and T. caries occur in the Midwest. Both fungi have similar life cycles and may even occur together in a plant. Serious losses from these smut fungi have probably occurred since wheat was first cultivated by man.

Management of Wheat and Barley Diseases Book Summary: Both wheat and barley are two of the most important food and industrial crops in the world. Wheat and barley cultivation has experienced changes in practices due to factors such as methods of conservation agriculture, cropping systems, wheat varieties, changes in weather patterns, and international trade, necessitating new and different.

Title. Studies in the physiology and control of bunt, or stinking smut, of wheat / Related Titles. Series: Department bulletin (United States.

Dept. of Agriculture) ; no. Loose Smut of Wheat, Spelt and Barley, AC Patrick E. Lipps. Losses from common bunt or stinking smut have been essentially eliminated due to the widespread use of seed treatment fungicides.

Historically, bunt has been a very destructive disease in Ohio. In the period from to losses due to bunt ranged fromtobushels.

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Bunt of wheat, also known as ‘covered smut’, ‘ball smut’ or ‘stinking smut’ is caused by Tilletia laevis (T. foetida) and/or T. tritici (T. caries).

In general, this disease is well controlled because of the widespread use of seed treatments. Topics Bunt (Disease of wheat) Control, Wheat Diseases and pests Control. Publisher Pennsylvania Bureau of Plant Industry Collection statelibrarypennsylvania; americana Digitizing sponsor This project is made possible by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services as administered by the Pennsylvania Department of Education through the Office of Commonwealth Libraries.

Hill bunt or Stinking smut - Tilletia caries / a Symptoms The fungus attacks seedling of days old and become systemic and grows along the tip of shoot. At the time of flowering hyphae concentrate in the inflorescence and spikelets and transforming the ovary into smut sorus of dark green color with masses of diseased plants mature earlier and all the spikelets.

Cereal smut and bunt diseases are caused by fungi which parasitise the host plant and produce masses of soot-like spores in the leaves, grains or ears. These fungi are damaging pathogens of cereal crops, reducing yield and quality of harvested grain.

In many cases grain receival points have low or zero tolerance of smut contaminated grain. This year there are reports of outbreaks of common bunt of wheat, also known as stinking smut, in a wide area from western Nebraska into eastern Colorado.

This article summarizes information about common bunt and its management. Bunt of wheat Bunt of wheat, also known as 'covered smut', 'ball smut' or 'stinking smut' is caused by Tilletia laevis (T.

foetida) and/or T. tritici (T. caries). In general, this disease is well controlled because of the widespread use of seed treatments. Common bunt of wheat (stinking bunt, stinking smut, ball smut) In wheat plants infected with bunt (Tilletia laevis and Tilletia caries), the fungus replaces the inside of the developing seed with a mass of stinking bunt ed plants are difficult to identify prior to harvest but may be slightly stunted.

Bunt, also called stinking smut, fungal disease of wheat, rye, and other grasses. Infection by Tilletia tritici (formerly T.

caries) or T. laevis (formerly T. foetida) causes normal kernels to be replaced by “smut balls” containing powdery masses of brownish black spores characterized by a dead-fish odour.

The sorus is light to dark brown and is called a bunt ball. The bunt balls resemble wheat kernels but tend to be more spherical. The bunted heads are slender, bluish-green and may stay greener longer than healthy heads. The bunt balls change to a dull gray-brown at maturity, at. Stinking smut and common bunt are controlled through seed certification and seed treatment.

Figure Winter wheat spike, with glumes removed to reveal smut balls. Loose Smut (Ustilago tritici) Disease Cycle. Loose smut is a seed and wind-borne fungal disease. Infection with Tilletia indica can take place to a certain extent if healthy seed is sown in infected soil, and can be reduced by the use of fungicides or sulphur.

Crop rotation is Cited by: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Woolman, Horace Mann, Summary of literature on bunt, or stinking smut, of wheat. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of. Stinking smut (also called common bunt) can be a devastating disease of wheat, particularly in winter wheat grown in the Pacific Northwest.

It is found infrequently in the High Plains Region. Infection levels over 20% were common in Washington in the early s.Get this from a library!

Studies in the physiology and control of bunt, or stinking smut, of wheat. [Horace Mann Woolman; H B Humphrey; United States. Department of Agriculture.] -- Pp.

Studies on Bunt, or Stinking Smut, of Wheat and Its Control. Publication info: Beltsville, MD: U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library, Alternative Farming Systems Information Center Availability: Works produced by employees of the U.S.

Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S.